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Medical and Health
Documents needed: EHIC and passport.
Doctors and Dentists
Doctors: Treatment is free with the European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) if the doctor is contracted to one of Austria’s regional health insurance offices (Gebietskrankenkassen), otherwise you'll be charged.
You can claim back some of the treatment costs (max. 80%). The other 20% is non-refundable in Austria but you may get a refund back in the UK.
Private health care isn’t covered by the EHIC, the EU medical card previously known as the E111 form.
Dentists: Only a limited range of dental treatment is available under the state system with the European Health Insurance Card.
If the dentist is contracted to the Gebietskrankenkassen you won’t be charged. Otherwise the 80/20 rule above applies.
Hospital Treatment & Ambulance Costs
Outpatient treatment is free in public sector hospitals with the EHIC. There’s a daily charge for the first 28 days for hospital inpatients. The 80/20 rule above applies.
You need a doctor's referral for admission to a state hospital. If you’re treated in a private hospital you’ll be charged.
Ambulance: Necessary ambulance travel is covered, not routine transport.
You can get prescribed medicines from any pharmacy, charged at a standard prescription rate.
The EHIC card isn't travel insurance. See What Can Go Wrong if in doubt about whether you need travel insurance for Austria.